Effekterna av att kapitalisera operationella leasingavtal : Hur påverkas stora företag verksamma i Sverige av IFRS 16?
Sammanfattning: Leasing is and has been American companies largest external source of equipment financing and there are signs that the concept been used 2010 years before Christ. It is larger than bank loans, bonds, stocks, commercial mortgages and the fastest growing form of business investment. Imhoff, Lipe and Wright (1991) wrote that the popularity of leasing is due to management's ability to maintain leased asset and hence the finance obligation off-balance sheet. The forthcoming transition from IAS 17 to IFRS 16 implies a change of operational and financial leasing reporting for lease takers to provide a more transparent and comparable picture of the company's balance - and income statement. The constructive capitalization method is the theory of this paper which Imhoff, Lipe and Wright (1991,1997) developed and Fülbier Silva and Pferdehirt (2008) later modified. The method is used to capitalize the company's operational leases based on public information from annual reports. The study was conducted with a quantitative approach by collecting secondary data on the OMXS30 companies. The purpose of the paper was to highlight how large company’s operative in Sweden are affected by the new leasing rules in IFRS 16 and review the amount of debts that are de facto outside the balance sheet. This study shows that companies will report higher liabilities, assets, operating profit and net profit, and less own equity. The study also shows that the key ratios examined will change when the transition from IAS 17 to IFRS 16 occurs. The capitalization of operational leases led to a higher increase in total liabilities than total assets that could see a less higher increase. This led to a diversified effect on the key ratios examined. Key ratios linked to profitability and solidity that change the most in comparison with the remaining key ratios in this study were the D/A ratio and Solidity. The key ratio with the most overall diversified change where the debt / equity ratio. The financial ratios were changed for all the examined companies, however, the P/E rate staggered with the highest change, overall and for each company. This paper shows that retailers will be affected most, which H&M shows in this study with a doubling debt ratio.
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