Inverkan av flisig krossballast på betong

Detta är en Uppsats för yrkesexamina på avancerad nivå från KTH/Betongbyggnad; KTH/Betongbyggnad

Sammanfattning:

Concrete is one of the world’s most common construction materials and is composed of 70-80 % stone material. Today crushed stone is used as aggregate in concrete in order to replace natural aggregates due to strong environmental reasons. Stone crushing yields flaky material and in this thesis studies are made on the flaky particle shape and how it influence properties of concrete such as workability, rheology and strength. The concrete recipes used in this thesis have fixed values, the only variable is the flakiness of the crushed stone. Flakiness is varied between 0 %, 17 %, 50 %, and 100 % in turn for the individual size fractions 2-8 mm, 8-10 mm, 10–12.5 mm, and 12.5–16 mm.

By using Swedish and European standards one determines flakiness index, packing factor, slump test, Thaulow tester, compression strength and flexural strength. The Bingham model is applied with the use of a viscometer to determine the concretes rheological properties such as plastic viscosity and yield stress. For the individual size fraction 12.5-16 mm a flow analysis is performed in an L-box to study how the particles are orientated with the flow direction, and how this influences the strength and crack length.

Results show that the loose packing factor decreases with increased flakiness for all individual size fractions. Fractions 2-8 mm and 8-10 mm need a small increase in super plasticizer with increased flakiness to achieve 200 mm slump. The larger individual size fractions do not show any increase in super plasticizer regarding this matter.

The Thaulow tester indicates constant values with increased flakiness for all individual size fractions except 2-8 mm were a weak increase is observed.

Values of the plastic viscosity are indicated unchanged as the flakiness index is increased for all individual size fractions except 2-8 mm that slightly increase for 100 % flakiness. The yield stress behaves unchanged with increased flakiness for all individual size fractions except 12.5-16 mm which significantly decrease for 100 % flakiness.

When the concrete flows in the L-box an image analysis concludes that the larger amounts of flaky particles are orientated with the flow direction. The crack length increases with higher flakiness for fraction 12.5-16 mm but this does not lead to an increase in strength.

Flexural strength increase with higher flakiness, this is clearly observed for the two largest individual size fractions. Compressive strength is indicated to be independent of flakiness and is approximately constant for all individual size fractions except individual size fraction 12.5-16 mm that indicates an increase.

High flakiness on cone crushed granite rock in size fraction 8-16 mm from the bedrock in Enhörna is not regarded as disadvantageous for concrete manufacturing, as it shows good values in workability, rheology and strength.

  HÄR KAN DU HÄMTA UPPSATSEN I FULLTEXT. (följ länken till nästa sida)