När ord målar bilder : En komparativ läroboksanalys av islam och buddhism
Western scholars have since the colonial times been gathering knowledge about religious expressions outside the Western context. Representation of the “orient” have been widely influenced by the Western world’s interests and perceptions. Research today shows that Swedes tends to have fragmented attitudes towards various religions. While Buddhism is often met with widely positive attitudes, Islam is often met with negative attitudes. This study intends to examine if it's possible to identify differences in how Swedish textbooks portrays Islam and Buddhism. To achieve this, I’ve examined three textbooks with a qualitative content analysis, combined with a comparative perspective. The analysis shows that Islam is more frequently portrayed in conflicts than Buddhism and that Muslims are more often described as the driving force in conflicts compared to Buddhists. The analysis also shows that Islam is more frequently described in relation to issues concerning gender roles and sexuality compared to Buddhism. The majority of textbooks also tend to more often point to other factors than religion when portraying Buddhism and gender roles, such as social- and cultural factors.
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