CCTV och Al Jazeera : Likheter och skillnader i de internationella nyhetsprogrammen
Stockholms Universitet, Instutitionen för journalistik, medier och kommunikation
JMK, Karlavägen 104
Box 27 861, 115 93 STOCKHOLM
Tel: 08-16 20 00
Titel: CCTV och Al Jazeera – likheter och skillnader i de internationella nyhetsprogrammen
Title: CCTV and Al Jazeera –similarities and differences in the international news programs
Författare: Hanna Strid, firstname.lastname@example.org, Marta Kaszuba, email@example.com.
Handledare: Christian Christensen
This essay aims to identify what similarities and differences there are between news broadcastings from Chinese CCTV and Al Jazeera English which has its national headquarters in Qatar. When national channels broadcastsinternationally, it is interesting to see what they choose to convey as that day's news flow and how to represent their country. It can depend on many different things such as structures of media ownership in the country and cultural context. The research methods used have been empirical studies and comparative analysis of a total of ten broadcasts of the largest daily newscasts on both channels, both news programmes are called the News Hour. All the news we have watched during the work with this essay we have studied according to Kieth Selby and Ron Cowdery's method of analysis presented in How to Study Television, this gives the essay a high grade of validity. The method has helped us to divide the empirical data into smaller components in order to make it easier to compare them. As a theoretical background we have used Stuart Hall's representation theory and his thoughts on the concept of culture. The theory is applied to verify the empirical data which is compiled in analysis chapter, and the results are discussed. In summary, we have found many similarities and differences between the programs and concluded that the news can never be objective without constantly being created by someone with an underlying idea of the material transmitted. This can be done in many ways, both with a neutral ambition as of Al Jazeera English or on CCTV which often focus on their own country's positive sides and deeds.
Keywords: CCTV, Al Jazeera English, similarities, differences, news flow, national, international, broadcasts, representation, representation theory
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