Sömn och återhämtning vid skiftarbete

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap; Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap

Sammanfattning: Background: Shift work is common in today’s society. About 75% of shift workers have problems regarding sleep and recovery. Research has investigated shift worker’s physical and psychological problems connected to poor sleep, sleep disorders and insomnia. However, little research has been made concerning prevention and treatment of negative consequences of working in shifts. Purpose: The aim of the study was to examine if there are health promoting actions that can be offered by nurses to preserve sleep quality and improve recovery in shift workers and if there is evidence if any of the actions is superior. Method: A literature review was conducted through a search for scientific original articles in PubMed and Cinahl. Twelve articles were included in the study. Results: Cognitive behavioral therapy and sleep health program can reduce symptoms of anxiety, reduce depression and increase the feeling of being well rested. Napping during night shift improved reactivity and reduced feelings of fatigue and increased recovery of function. Light therapy and treatment with melatonin had a moderate effect on alertness and a small effect on quality of sleep. Light therapy had effect regarding insomnia, depression and anxiety. Treatment with the drug Armodafinil resulted prolonged sleep, improvement in wakefulness and reduced fatigue. Armodafinil treatment was also associated with improved well-being, memory and attention. Conclusion: Options are available for treatment of physical psychological symptoms related to shift worker, but require interaction between healthcare and employers. More research is needed regarding non-pharmacological treatments suitable for a nurse interventions in primary and occupational care. The result of this study shows that treatment with Armodafinil gave the best effects.

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