Att resurseffektivisera ett distributionsnätverk för asfaltslastbilar -En fallstudie hos Skanska Industrial Solutions AB
Sammanfattning: Problem - Skanska Industrial Solutions AB lays asphalt over a wide geographical area, and never in the same place and is also a work that is dependent on the weather. Asphalt is a product with low to no capacity to be stored. These factors contribute to a distribution that has the necessity to follow the JIT-principles. The asphalt production is in of a steady flow of asphalt being transported from the manufacturing plants and if it is left without this leads to large costs that Skanska Industrial Solutions Ab want to avoid to the largest possible extent. This, however leads to a willingness to order more asphalt than perhaps needed, just to avoid a shortage at the production sites. With information sharing and communication often lacking this increases the effects. These factors often lead to trucks not being fully utilised or not contracted for whole work days which also drives up costs. This study aims at trying to understand all the issues relating to these stated problems and how their effects can be negated or mitigated. Purpose -The purpose of this master thesis is to identify the potential for more resource efficient transportation of asphalt at Skanska Industrial Solutions AB, also to evaluate solutions on how to realise this goal. Research Questions - RQ1: What are the possibilities for a more resource efficient distribution of asphalt? RQ2: How can the supply chain be designed, both organizational and physically to realise potential resource efficiency? RQ3: What are the potential consequences for the proposed changes to the supply chain? Method - The master thesis is based on a single case study of Skanska Industrial Solutions AB and its distribution network of its asphalt production in Scania, Sweden. The empirical data largely stems for around 20 qualitative interviews with persons at different levels and with different functions within the organisation. This data is complimented with quantitative data gathered from different sources such as the newly implemented information system and data from the manufacturing plants. The empirical data is then analysed through various theories and methods which are gathered from a thorough literature review on the subject. Lastly the analysis leads to proposed solutions to the issues that has been identified throughout the study. The solutions are then critically discussed and some of them are recommended for further study or implementations. Conclusion - The study has identified numerous possible solutions to increase the resource efficiency in a number of areas of the operations. A number of actions are recommended to the company for implementation and further study. The actions are often interdependent to be fully utilised. In conclusion there is possibility for Skanska Industrial Solutions Ab. However, this will not be a sprint but rather a steeplechase.
HÄR KAN DU HÄMTA UPPSATSEN I FULLTEXT. (följ länken till nästa sida)