Spare Part Logistics and Optimization for Wind Turbines : Methods for Cost-Effective Supply and Storage
The wind power industry is maturing and the amount of electricity produced by wind turbines in the world is rapidly increasing every year. Service and maintenance of wind turbines has proven to be difficult and expensive, especially offshore. A well coordinated support organisation and optimized maintenance strategies are required to effectively reduce the costs associated with WT support, where cost-efficient supply and storage of spare parts are important. The aim of this thesis is to model spare part logistics for wind turbines to analyse different strategies and compare the profitability. Optimal stock levels and reorder sizes have been calculated with the software tool OPUS10. Wind turbine and spare part data have been provided by Vattenfall Vindkraft AB and field studies were made to the wind farms Lillgrund and Horns Rev to gather information.
Our analyses show that different spare part strategies only affect a minor part of the total support costs generated for a wind farm. Still there are many improvements possible and money to be saved if using an optimal spare part strategy instead of one based on personal experiences and intuition. For a large wind power system, including a number of wind farms with the same wind turbine types, we also show convincing results that pooling of spare parts are a much more cost-efficient spare part strategy compared to local storage and handling only. Using a central depot for spare part reordering and storage of critical spare parts, such as gearboxes, generators and blades, are more profitable
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