Medborgardeltagande i stadsplanering - En fallstudie av Södra Gårda
Sammanfattning: This essay examines how public planners and the inhabitants of södra Gårda relate to the physical planning of the area and to the demolition versus the preservation of the quarters Eken and Cedern, and how the dialogue between planners and citizens appears to be. How do the planners and policymakers relate to citizen participation in urban planning, and how is participatory planning carried out in the legislation, rhetorically and in practice. Former research indicates a distinct gap between rhetorics, legislation and actions in practice regarding citizen participation in planning, which is why we find it an interesting topic for further research. The essay aims to highlight the different actors interests and visions of the development of the area. Which are the standpoints and arguments the different actors set out for the future visions of the area? The essay focuses on citizen participation in urban planning in the city of Gothenburg. To examine how the citizen participation and the dialogue between planners and citizens works, we will present a case study of södra Gårda and its through the ages endangered quarters Eken and Cedern. The on-going current issue regarding the future of södra Gårda will be studied by raising questions about the conflicts in planning and the standpoints and arguments used by different actors, as well as highlighting the role of citizen participation in the planning process. The study is conducted using qualitative methods including interviews with the key actors, a survey answered by the inhabitants of Eken and Cedern, and analysis of central policy-documents and literature. The result of the study shows that the dialogue between planners and citizens has been relatively satisfying to both parts, while conflicts as well as common opinions have been found during the process. The future of södra Gårda still appears uncertain. The heavy traffic surrounding the neighborhood is resulting in problems such as a poor air-quality and noise which poses a further problem for the implementation of an updated local plan. The absence of economical resources, a political indecisiveness and a lack of investment has contributed to a prolonged and conflict-ridden planning process. The planners agree that citizen participation is an important part of an improved, more democratic and satisfying groundwork for planning. Contemporary planning includes citizen participation as it is legislated in the Plan- och Bygglagen as well as informal negotiations with interest groups. As the study concludes there are legislations, visions and a general positive attitude regarding citizen participation, but its implementation in practice is ridden with problems.
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