Den nya tidens idrottsundervisning : En kvalitativ studie om fakta- och förståelsebaserad undervisning i träningslära
Aim: The purpose of this study is to, referring to Shulman’s pedagogical content knowledge theory (PCK), examine how selected Physical Education teachers, educated in GIH and with a maximum of two years' work in upper secondary school, pursue their education in training theory. Moreover, another purpose is to examine how their education at GIH has prepared them for teaching in this subsection.
Questions to be answered:• What are teachers' attitudes to training methods as part of physical education and health in upper secondary school?• In what way, referring to PCK-theory, are teachers working with training theory?•In what way do the teachers think that their education at GIH has contributed to their teaching in training theory, referring to the pedagogical content knowledge theory?Method: The study has a qualitative approach and study design consisting of five semi-structured interviews with teachers working with Physical Education in upper secondary school. The selection was made considering that all teachers have been educated at GIH and had a maximum of two years working experience. The interviews were conducted in each teacher's school, in a private room and were recorded with a dictaphone. All interviews were transcribed.Results: All five teachers are teaching training theory in the gym and in the classroom. They perceive the moment as an important part of the subject, both from a curriculum perspective, as well as from a personal conviction of the effect on students' health in a lifelong perspective. The teachers teaching method is virtually the same on the basis of teaching lectern in the form of PowerPoint. The teachers feel that they have entrenched themselves enough pedagogical content knowledge in order to conduct adequate teaching of training theory, with the exception of knowledge about alternative methods and available textbook literature. The teachers say they have been provided with a sufficient content knowledge from GIH but that the teaching of how knowledge can be passed on to students has been nonexistent.
Conclusion: When it comes to the education at GIH, we can draw the conclusion that Sweden's top university for sport and health has some problems when it comes to education in training theory. The teachers feel well prepared factually, but the pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) is virtually nonexistent when they start working. Teachers solve this by taking the help of experienced colleagues while they continually develop their teaching based on personal experience. They feel, therefore, that they possess enough PCK to implement their education in a good way. However, there are some dangers with this. There is a risk when the teachers come out to the schools that there aren’t any colleagues that will be able to help them. In addition, the risk is imminent that pupils, taught by teachers working directly after their education, may suffer from an inadequate education.
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