Protest eller ideologi? Vänsterpopulism och väljarbeteende i Europaparlamentsval

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Göteborgs universitet/Statsvetenskapliga institutionen

Sammanfattning: Populist parties on both sides of the political spectrum continue to gain support in theEuropean union. Their electoral support is often referred to as a symptom of the decline inpolitical trust that is widespread across nation-states. Earlier research has mainly beenfocusing on the radical right despite the fact that left-wing populist parties are becoming moreprominent in party-systems all over Europe. By focusing on electoral behaviour regarding thesupporters of the populist left in the elections to the European parliament, where protestvoting is a fairly common phenomenon, my purpose is to broaden our understanding for howpolitical discontent and ideology affect voting behaviour regarding populism. The resultsfrom my logistic regression analysis indicate that protest voting is a far better explanatoryfactor than ideological voting regarding why citizens choose to support left-wing populistparties - regardless of socio-demographical factors. Nevertheless, ideology still proves to be a significant factor, which suggests that a vote for a left-wing populist party should not solelybe regarded as a protest vote.

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