Sökning: "Poisson Pseudo Maximum Likelihood"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 14 uppsatser innehållade orden Poisson Pseudo Maximum Likelihood.

  1. 1. Trade Facilitation: How the burden of documentary and border procedures impact exports to the EU

    Kandidat-uppsats, Lunds universitet/Nationalekonomiska institutionen

    Författare :Mårten Randau; Camilla Wenzel; [2019]
    Nyckelord :Trade Facilitation; Documentary Compliance; Border Compliance; Gravity Model; Business and Economics;

    Sammanfattning : How to increase trade flows in today's globalized world is a relevant topic and the incentives to do so are exemplified by the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement that came into force in 2017. Inefficient trade procedures have proven to aggravate and decrease trade. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Sanction Evasion: The case of Russia’s counter-sanctions

    Master-uppsats, Lunds universitet/Nationalekonomiska institutionen

    Författare :Tuomas Oranen; [2018]
    Nyckelord :Sanction evasion; Economic sanctions; Russia; Trade policy; Business and Economics;

    Sammanfattning : Sanction evasion can hamper the effect of international sanctions. This paper aims to establish whether the Russian sent counter-sanctions were evaded by the Western countries by using non-sanctioned countries as transit routes for the sanctioned products. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Does the effect of trade preferences depend on supply-side conditions in the preference-receiving countries?

    Master-uppsats, Lunds universitet/Nationalekonomiska institutionen

    Författare :Kerstin Karlén; [2018]
    Nyckelord :Trade Preferences; Everything But Arms; Least developed countries; European Union; Gravity Model; Business and Economics;

    Sammanfattning : Trade preferences used as a policy tool to promote exports from developing countries has been criticized for not being effective, as the increase in the share of imports to the European Union from developing countries has been disappointing. There has also been concerns regarding the underutilization of trade preferences among least developed countries. LÄS MER

  4. 4. The effect of sanitary and phytosanitary measures on EU exports: The case of agri-food products

    Magister-uppsats, Lunds universitet/Nationalekonomiska institutionen

    Författare :Sofie Andersson; [2018]
    Nyckelord :Gravity Model; Trade; Non-tariff Barriers; SPS; European Union; Business and Economics;

    Sammanfattning : With protectionism on a global rise, non-tariff measures have been an object for public debates and research, as the work of WTO has reduced the possibilities of raising traditional trade restrictions as customs tariffs. Hence governments have turned to non-tariff measures and regulatory standards to fulfill their agendas. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Russian Counter-sanctions and Trade Deflection: Evidence from Finland

    Magister-uppsats, Lunds universitet/Nationalekonomiska institutionen

    Författare :Tuomas Oranen; [2017]
    Nyckelord :Sanctions; Trade Deflection; Trade Destruction; Gravity Model; Trade Policy; Business and Economics;

    Sammanfattning : Economic sanctions are a widely used, yet controversial international policy tool. This paper aims to examine the trade deflecting effects of Russian sent import sanctions on the Finnish exports. This effect is analyzed by estimating a gravity equation of trade by applying Pseudo-Poisson Maximum Likelihood and Ordinary Least Squares estimators. LÄS MER