Sökning: "physicalism"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 7 uppsatser innehållade ordet physicalism.

  1. 1. Is Searle a Property Dualist?

    Kandidat-uppsats, Uppsala universitet/Filosofiska institutionen

    Författare :Felix Schröder; [2019]
    Nyckelord :John Searle; biological naturalism; reduction; consciousness; property dualism; mental causation; causality; physicalism; philosophy of mind; epiphenomenalism; overdetermination;

    Sammanfattning : It has often been argued that John Searle’s theory of mind, biological naturalism, due to its commitment to mental irreducibility amounts to no more than disguised property dualism. I suggest that a thorough analysis of Searle’s somewhat unusual views on the nature of reduction reveals this irreducibility to be not a metaphysical relation between mental properties and physical but one concerned only with the semantics of the respective terms used to refer to these. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Om fenomenell kunskap och Förmågehypotesen : Information eller förmåga – vad lär vi oss när vi får en ny upplevelse?

    Kandidat-uppsats, Umeå universitet/Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier

    Författare :Daniel Bergqvist Karlsson; [2019]
    Nyckelord :Medvetandefilosofi; fenomenell kunskap; Ability Hypothesis; fysikalism; dualism; egenskapsdualism; medvetandet;

    Sammanfattning : Fysikalism ifråga om vårt upplevande – fenomenella – medvetande; att det är helt och enbartfysiskt, står i kontrast till olika former av dualism, som säger att medvetandet inte helt låter sigreduceras till det fysiska.Frank Jackson har presenterat det så kallade kunskapsargumentet mot fysikalism. LÄS MER

  3. 3. En Darwinistisk reduktionism

    Kandidat-uppsats, Umeå universitet/Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier

    Författare :Elin Wengelin Grantén; [2018]
    Nyckelord :Alex Rosenberg; reduktionism; fysikalism; biologins filosofi;

    Sammanfattning : Alex Rosenbergʼs Darwinian reductionism is a more recent form of reductionism that aims at settling the dispute between reductionists and antireductionists in philosophy of biology. The idea is that the principle of natural selection can be viewed as a physico-chemical law that can ground biology in physics and chemistry, and hence make reductionism possible despite issues such as multiple realizability and downward causation. LÄS MER

  4. 4. On Kim's critique of non-reductive physicalism

    Magister-uppsats, Umeå universitet/Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier

    Författare :Roque Molina; [2015]
    Nyckelord :Nonreductive physicalism; downward causation; causal closure; levels; irreducibility;

    Sammanfattning : Kim criticizes non-reductive physicalism as a suitable metaphysics of mind among things because of its failure on the issue of mental causation. The failure is especially present in the thesis of supervenience physicalism. LÄS MER

  5. 5. An Evolutionary Argument against Physicalism : or some advice to Jaegwon Kim and Alvin Plantinga

    Magister-uppsats, Uppsala universitet/Teologiska institutionen

    Författare :Christoffer Skogholt; [2014]
    Nyckelord :philosophy of mind; reductionism; mental causation; Jaegwon Kim; Alvin Plantinga; The myth of nonreductive materialism the evolutionary argument against naturalism ;

    Sammanfattning : According to the dominant tradition in Christianity and many other religions, human beings are both knowers and actors: beings with conscious beliefs about the world who sometimes act intentionally guided by these beliefs. According to philosopher of mind Robert Cummins the “received view” among philosophers of mind is epiphenomenalism, according to which mental causation does not exist: neural events are the underlying causes of both behavior and belief which explains the correlation (not causation) between belief and behavior. LÄS MER