I väntan på frihet : En litteraturbaserad studie som belyser dialysbehandlade patienters upplevelser av att vänta på en njurtransplantation

Detta är en Uppsats för yrkesexamina på grundnivå från Högskolan Väst/Avdelningen för omvårdnad - grundnivå; Högskolan Väst/Avdelningen för omvårdnad - grundnivå

Sammanfattning: Background: With an increased understanding of dialysis-treated patients' experiences of waiting for a kidney transplant, the nurses can adjust their care based on patient's individual needs. A changed life situation that requires regular treatment and limiting the patient in their daily life makes it important that the nurse understands the patient's mood and is there to support. Aim: The aim of this study was to highlight the experiences of dialysis-treated patients waiting for a kidney transplant. Method: A literature study based on qualitative research. Friberg ́s five-step model was used for analyze of the articles and results in three main themes and six sub- themes. Results: This result showed that dialysis-treated patients awaiting a kidney transplant experienced both physical and mental barriers and stress. They experienced limitations in daily life as loss of freedom and financial difficulties. The patients' feelings oscillate between hope and uncertainty like an emotional roller coaster and they find support in their relatives, healthcare professionals or in their religion. Conclusion: The experiences of waiting for a kidney transplant are relatively similar, but strategies to get trough this process varies. Common for all patients were that it was a demanding and stressful time. Therefore it is important that nurses pay attention and adapt the care for each individual.

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