FÖREKOMSTEN AV HÖRSELNEDSÄTTNING BLAND VUXNA ELEVER PÅ SFI I ALINGSÅS

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Göteborgs universitet/Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi

Sammanfattning: Aim: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of hearing loss and other hearingor ear-­related problems amongst newly arrived immigrants and to gain anunderstanding of how they themselves experience their own hearing.Research method: Quantitative descriptive cross-­sectional study.All pupils who were present at SFI in Alingsås during two days were asked toparticipate in the study. The study population consisted of 41 individuals aged 20-­59,middle age 37. Screening audiometry was combined with a questionnaire.Descriptive data were compiled, bivariate logistic regression analyzes, and a multiplelogistic regression analysis were made based on compiled data.Results: The prevalence of hearing loss amongst newly arrived students in Alingsåswas 59%. Various hearing-­ and ear related disorders were reported in the studygroup over the past year including tinnitus (37%), sound sensitivity (22%), dizziness(17%), ear problems (12%). Heredity was reported by 12% and 37% of theparticipants had been exposed to noise. The majority >51% did not experience anyproblems with their self-­perceived hearing. None of the participants used a hearingaid.Conclusions: This study showed that hearing loss and other hearing and ear-­relatedproblems were common amongst the SFI pupils. Since good hearing is important ineducation in general and especially when learning a second language, it would bepositive to perform hearing screening in SFI more regularly, so that the appropriateinterventions can be put in place.

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