Hur är det att tillhöra en dubbel minoritetsposition? - Upplevelser av att vara kvinnlig chef i byggnads- och IT-branschen
Sammanfattning: In Sweden, women and men work almost to an equal extent, however, working life is bothhorizontally and vertically gender-segregated (Peterson, 2017; Göransson, 2003; Muhonen, 2010).Both the construction and IT industries are highly gender-based and the high positions are mainlydominates by men.It is interesting to study the working conditions for women in management positions in a maledominated industry. They belong to what can be called a double minority. Possible challenges andproblems are investigated, as well as the opportunities and benefits that female managers in mendominatedindustries experience. A researcher who has studied women's minority position inorganizations is Rosabeth Moss Kanter (1977). Her study is the main theory that this study uses whenanalyzing collected empirical studies. Strategies women use to address any challenges and problemsthat arise are also analyzed, among other things.The method used is qualitative semi-structured interviews, to best capture female managers’ subjectiveexperiences. Five interviews were conducted with female managers, three of whom were from theconstruction industry and two were from the IT industry. The industries were chosen because they arehighly male dominant.The results of the study show that the interviewed female managers enjoy working in a maledominated industry. Some challenges could be experienced, although much has improved in recentyears. The women could also experience certain opportunities and benefits of being women andmanagers in the industry, such as being extraordinary as a woman and manager as a minority, andperhaps having an advantage in recruiting. The female managers claimed that they did not use anyspecific strategies to deal with any challenges, however, several strategies emerged in their respectiveindustries. The women also mentioned recommendations for how the proportion of women in theindustry can be increased.
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