Konflikthantering inom fritidshemmet : En intervjustudie om fritidspedagogers syn på smågruffandet i fritidshemmet

Detta är en Uppsats för yrkesexamina på grundnivå från Södertörns högskola/Lärarutbildningen

Sammanfattning: This study is about conflicts – or rather the hassle and fuss – that occur between students in a leisure center and assumes how the teachers who works at the center and that I interviewed experience this, and what approaches they choose when dealing with these types of conflicts. The study has a phenomenological approach and is based on a qualitative method with semistructure interviews. The theory used to analyze the interviews is inspired by Foucault theory of disciplinary power. Since there is not much research that studies conflicts in leisure center, the earlier research I have chosen to describe is based on conflict management within the whole school. Researchers in this field agree that there is not one solution that fits all, but that is largely left to the creativity of the teacher. Furthermore, earlier research point out that the exercise of power can in some contexts be positive for the students, that is if it is used correctly. Conflicts in schools are concentrated to common areas and not to the classrooms there teachers have control over the situation. The results in my study are divided into five themes. The results were in much similar to what prior researchers have found; conflicts tend to occur in common areas where there is no supervision from teachers. However, according to the teachers interviewed, students allow teachers to interrupt the ongoing conflict and solve the situation. This support that there is a hierarchical power situation in which submit to the power of the teachers. It could also be regarded as an example of positive exercise of power as it leads to conflicts being stopped. A result in my study was how the teachers interviewed talked about the use of their voice to solve conflicts. All interviewed agreed that to raise the voice has negative effects in solving conflicts. This is nothing I have seen mentioned in earlier research, and may be looked upon as a finding.

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