Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter och den yrkesprofessionella betydelsen för ett adekvat omhändertagande av patienter utsatta för sexuella övergrepp : - En systematisk litteraturöversikt

Detta är en Uppsats för yrkesexamina på grundnivå från Högskolan Väst/Avdelningen för omvårdnad - grundnivå; Högskolan Väst/Avdelningen för omvårdnad - grundnivå

Sammanfattning: Abstract: Sexual assault is a serious matter, the World Health Organization calls the violence against women, a global health problem of epidemic proportions. The nurse has a personal and moral responsibility to address this public health problem in order to try to influence a positive change towards improved health. Aim: This literature review aims to describe nurses´experiences in the care of patients exposed to sexual assault. Results: The results shows that many aspects affect the nurses´ experiences. Many countries struggled, trying to keep up with an adequate care, especially with regard to forensic care, which is very important aiming to also satisfy the justice aspect for the victims. Political, institutional and organizational structures create the conditions that constitute the nurse´s experience. Most nurses did not have sufficient training nor education to perform forensic care even though most did. Many nurses described difficult emotional demands of working with these victims and asked for better support. Interdisciplinary teamwork proved to be important taking into account the holistic perspective. Conclusion: Sustainable improvement work is required to start the work of being able to handle adequate care for patients affected by sexual abuse. Sustainable improvement work that starts from the top with political, institutional and organizational changes which in turn can providea positive healthcare development with the help of the staff's commitment and job satisfaction.

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