Ett ökat valdeltagande för en förbättrad folkhälsa - En litteraturstudie om interventioner och teoretiska utgångspunkter för att öka valdeltagande
Sammanfattning: Background. Community participation and influence in society are target areas for public health policy in Sweden. This participation may be assessed in terms of political voting. In Sweden participation in elections generally is high, however varies between communities, municipalities and population groups. An evaluation of scientifically assessed methods to improve voting among the population thus seems essential.Aim. The aim of this study is to assess which scientifically evaluated methods can be used to improve voting participation.Method. A literature search was done based on the Scopus database. Published retrieved papers were assessed using the SBU template and examined by content analysis. The evidence of the methods was measured according to GRADE.Results. The search delivered 20 papers. Seven different interventions was identified with varying strength of evidence (mail, telephone, e-mail, sms, social network sites, signs and radio). Mail and telephone had the highest evidence according to a assessment using GRADE. Strategies used for increasing effect on voter turnout is social pressure, door-in-the-face technique and implementation-intention.Conclusion. In this literature study we have found a number of methods, which in scientifically evaluations have shown a positive effect on voter turnout. From a public health perspective, the design of interventions to increase voter participation should be based on theoretical assumptions based on empowerment, proportional universalism and health literacy.
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