Gudssyn inom den sufiska poesin : En jämförelse mellan Jalal ad-din Rumi och Fakhr al-din Araqi

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Linnéuniversitetet/Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV)

Sammanfattning: The purpose of this essay is to compare the works of Jalal ad-din Rumi and Fakhr al-din Araqi to see which ideas of God the two writers want to convey. Rumi and Araqi were two actors in the mystical dimension of Islam, who lived in the thirteenth century in what is today Turkey. Both were of Persian birth and their works were written in Persian. The material I have chosen to work with is Lama´at by Araqi and parts of the Masnavi by Rumi. Both of them have been translated into Swedish by Ashk Dahlén. The theoretical premiss is taken from Influence in art and literature by Göran Hermerén. My method is to find images for God in the texts to see which ideas of God the two writers want to convey. My review shows that many of the images come from the Koran and speak of personal qualities of God. Some of them also specify that God is not located at the same level as the humans. A few passages compare God with natural phenomenon like the sun and the ocean. To sum up, God is represented as a powerful being who does not exist on the same level as the humans. By applying Hermerén´s theory, I conclude that there are influences between the two writers. Their work and the images they have chosen are similar in many aspects. These influences are most likely the result of the fact that both of the writers existed within the same cultural context and under the influence of Ibn Arabi.

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