Kollaborativa undervisningsprocesser genom 1:1 - en intervjustudie med lärare i skolår 1–6 om elevers samarbete i digitala arenor
Sammanfattning: Both digital competence and collaborative skills are important for citizens who need to navigate in future societies. This paper is based on an interview study with ten teachers and the aim is to survey how teachers design their teaching to promote collaborative learning methods by using 1:1. Different perspectives on teachers´ design of the collaborative processes in terms of interaction through the digital device or processes that occurred around the device were found. To visualize how teachers operationalize collaborative learning in their pedagogical activities, the model of TPACK in situ was used (Willermark, 2018). In the analysis of the examples that the teachers reproduced based on TPACK in situ, the results of the study show many innovative learning processes where students interact with their tablets and how the teachers design their teaching to interact with different kinds of subject content. By using Learning Design Sequences as an analysis tool, further understanding was reached of how, when and in what way technology supports the collaborative processes and in which phases of learning this happens. In this way, institutional patterns became prominent through the influence of the physical learning environment, which increased the understanding of how around or through 1:1 also can be placed in a spatial context. Finally, Learning Design Sequences were used to identify opportunities and challenges for teachers in designing for collaborative learning through 1:1. The purpose of the study is to investigate how teachers say they design their teaching to promote students’ collaborative work through digital units in school years 1–6 and through the teachers’ statements see what influencing factors, abilities, subject content and technology support a design of digital teaching for the benefit of collaboration and student-to-student interaction in digital arenas. Based on the conclusions the author also presents a didactic model for teachers to take into consideration when designing their pedagogical activities for practising collaborative skills in the 1:1 classroom.
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