L’éducation interculturelle en classe de langue. Des recherches en didactique et des politiques éducatives aux pratiques pédagogiques
Sammanfattning: Intercultural dimensions in language class in compulsory school have been recommended by research and policy makers for decades. Still, follow-up studies from numerous countries all over the world have observed little or no effect in the classrooms.The aim of this study is to gain a better understanding of the challenges and opportunities for implementing an intercultural approach in practice. The main research question is: How can the educational system better integrate the intercultural approach in language class into the training of future teachers?The notion and implications of an intercultural approach are described. The way it is being aimed for is studied through three levels of the educational system as follows: 1) guides and recommendations from the Council of Europe and the European Union; 2) directives from national authorities in Sweden, where the term intercultural is not mentioned in the curriculum, and from a German-speaking canton of the Swiss Confederation, where the term is common; and 3) course descriptions from initial French teacher training programmes in both countries.Many inconsistencies are identified, that imply challenges and opportunities. Their careful treatment could facilitate the adoption of an intercultural approach in Sweden and improve the existing one in the Swiss Confederation.
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