Trängselskatt i Malmö - en samhällsekonomisk analys

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Lunds universitet/Nationalekonomiska institutionen

Sammanfattning: In this thesis a Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA) is used to evaluate the net social benefits of a congestion charge in Malmö. A novel approach based on information from Google Maps is used to estimate the scope of present congestion issues in Malmö. Likely effects and the number of people affected is estimated using information from the trial in Stockholm, the trial in Gothenburg and a report on the fiscal effects of a congestion charging scheme in Malmö. Price sensitivity is used to estimate the reductions of passages to and from the city by car and the following costs and benefits. According to the model used, the net present value (NPV) of the project ranges from 550 million SEK to 5 490 million SEK. The result judged most likely is a NPV of 3 710 million SEK, or a benefit of 5 SEK for every SEK invested. These results should be approached with care as the method of using the data from Google Maps has not been confirmed against a known case. The thesis suggests a more thorough study of the effects of implementing congestion charges in Malmö. It should not be viewed as a justification of the policy in itself.

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