Outnyttjade byggrätter för flerbostadshus - Förekommer det och varför?
Sammanfattning: In the public report, Ett snabbare bostadsbyggande, a research was made to find out how the utilization of undeveloped building rights could be made more efficient. However, the material on which the research was based was found insufficient, which created the idea for this report. To what extent do undeveloped building rights occur and what are the reasons? The purpose of this report is to examine if undeveloped building rights regarding apartment buildings exists and to identify what the reasons may be. Furthermore, proposals will be discussed on how municipalities can work to try to prevent this. The focus of this report is on the Skåne region and the municipalities studied are Malmö, Lund, Helsingborg, Kristianstad, Landskrona, Staffanstorp, Ystad and Eslöv. To achieve the purpose, a number of questions have been formulated. These are examined in the report through a theoretical and an empirical part. The theoretical part mainly consists of literature studies. The empirical survey consists of mapping and reporting the existence of undeveloped building rights within the municipalities. This is followed up by a qualitative interview study made with property owners and municipalities. The result of this report shows that undeveloped building rights exists to some extent. On the other hand, the result implies that this is not perceived as a problem in the same extent to which it is described in Ett snabbare bostadsbyggande. This is confirmed by the surveyed municipalities, who do not consider undeveloped building rights being a major problem. In addition, the data material clarifies that it is a minor proportion of building rights which have expired implementation time. Explanations can be found to why some building rights have remained undeveloped for a long time. In some cases, these properties are being used for alternative purposes, for example in the form of parking area, garden etc. This mainly applies to smaller building rights with private persons as owners. Major building rights are essentially owned by construction companies or municipalities, and the reason for these properties remaining undeveloped is largely due to the fact that the market is not as solid as needed. Another reason can be that the building right is part of an ongoing larger development. Construction companies are planning to constantly have a continuous flow in production, giving an opportunity to keep the employees busy. In some cases, measures may be required for building rights to be utilized. Some possible measures against undeveloped building rights are to increase the cost of owning them and gather information regarding the extent of undeveloped building rights. However, since undeveloped building rights is not considered a big problem, the most reasonable solution is probably just to await a more solid market.
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