Symtomhantering vid strålbehandling mot bäckenet
Sammanfattning: Background: Radiation therapy to the pelvis area can lead to several troublesome side effects during and after the treatment period. Treatment often takes place in outpatient clinics and patients are thus given the responsibility to deal with the side effects that occur. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to examine the patients’ experience of symptom management and self-care during ongoing radiation treatment to the pelvic area. Method: A qualitative interview study with semi-structured interviews was conducted. Nine participants were interviewed. Data was analyzed with qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach. Results: The results showed three main categories with a total of seven subcategories. Expectations of the Effect of the Treatment are about the situation the participants were in affecting the experience of the side effects, but also about how the knowledge and information provided could affect the participants. The Quest to Find Working Strategies is about how the participants, with the help of self-care and symptom management, tried to make a functioning everyday life. Feeling Secure Through the Possibility of Support meant that there was a possibility of various forms of support when the situation, for example, was not manageable. Conclusion: The study indicates that patients during ongoing radiation treatment to the pelvis area try to make their situation manageable through different strategies with varying results. The fact that the treatment lasted for a limited period and would lead to a cure made the situation easier. The need for closeness to support and continuity among healthcare professionals gave a sense of security in the responsibility to manage their symptoms.
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