Följsamhet till läkemedelsbehandling hos personer med kronisk sjukdom
Sammanfattning: Background: There are many individuals living with chronic illness and therefore follow one or more prescribed drug therapies. It is shown that over 50 percent of these are not adherent to their prescriptions and that low adherence is a growing problem across the world. Earlier research indicates that low adherence leads to decreased health and reduced quality of life. Aim: The aim was to find factors affecting adherence among individuals with chronic illness. Method: A literature study based on empirical qualitative research. The articles were analysed in accordance with Friberg's five step model. Results: Four categories emerged from the analysis of the articles; personal factors, social factors, health care factors and therapy related factors. Individuals' adherences depend on different internal and external factors. Individuals' own ability to follow routines were the most appearing factor for high adherence. Lack of trust in health professionals was the most appearing factor because of low adherence. Other appearing and affecting factors were social support, trust in healthcare and severe side effects. Conclusion: Adherence is a common and complex issue. There are many facilitators and barriers affecting adherence. Increased awareness of different factors can help health professionals to promote high adherence among individuals with chronic illness.
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