Lönekartläggning -Ett arbetsverktyg i strävan för jämställdhet
Sammanfattning: Today there is a wage gap between men and women in the Swedish labor market. In order to reduce this wage gap, the Swedish parliament legislated that employers are required to make a compensation survey of their employees. The legislation showed no result in reducing the wage gap and therefore the legislation was made stricter in 2017. The biggest change was that compensation surveys are to be carried out annually instead of every three years. This study intends to investigate how professionals experience the work of compensations survey and if they believe that the amendment is expected to reduce the wage gap. Based on the experience, the intention is to also get an understanding of whether there are social structures that are behind the fact that wage mapping has not contributed to a reduced wage gap. Previous inquiries of compensation survey stated that employers consider that the legislation is not effective due to large scope of discretion when justifying wage differences. Research shows that subjective assessments is problematic due to societies social structures that have resulted in norms where men are valued higher than women. This study is based on qualitative interviews with six professionals working with compensation surveys. The result of the study shows a relatively coherent picture of how they experience the legislation. All the informants adresses the issues with the legislations allowing subjective assessment and the problem with market wages as valid justification for wage differences between men and women. Due to these two aspects, they do not perceive the legislation to be able to change the social structures that result in the wage gap. The informants do see the possibility to create awareness of financial inequality with the changes of the legislation where the annual surveying can raise awareness of financial inequality. The awareness could in turn change the social structures and thereby characterize the subjective assessment to promote equality.
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