Förvaltning av Skånes vildsvinsstammar
Sammanfattning: The essay examines the potential need for implementing a new structure of wildlife management to the wild boar. Such structure could be needed due to the fact that wild boar, Sus scrofa, is the ungulate with the fastest growing population of animals in the southern parts of Sweden. The unwieldy situation has created conflicts between hunters and landowners, as these have different interests regarding wild boar populations. In the late 1900:s there were similar problems with the Swedish elk population. The problems were reduced through the introduction of management areas, where landowners and hunters were motivated to cooperate and thereby resolve their disagreements, which benefited wildlife management. The essay deals with the management of wild boar in Skåne and the opportunity to introduce administrative areas for wild boar in a similar manner as with the elk, to achieve a better balance of wild boar populations in the southern parts of Sweden, in order to minimize the negative effects of wild boars on agriculture. The study is limited to exploring the possibility of, and the need for, management areas of wild boars in Skåne. The results, gained through interviews with landowners and hunter-representatives from elk management groups in Skåne, showed that there is a certain consensus that the current situation is lacking from functioning wild boar management. The interviewees expressed that the current situation can be attributed to landowners and hunting right holders acting based on individual interests and knowledge. This creates a situation without effective wildlife management of wild boars. The study showed that there may be a need for wild boar management areas in the southern parts of Sweden where the wild boar population is unbalanced. This could contribute to a more controllable and balanced boar tribe. However the design must focus on voluntary participation and incentives for cooperation.
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