Patienters upplevelser av att leva med afasi efter en stroke : En litteraturbaserad studie

Detta är en Uppsats för yrkesexamina på grundnivå från Högskolan Väst/Avdelningen för omvårdnad - grundnivå; Högskolan Väst/Avdelningen för omvårdnad - grundnivå

Sammanfattning: Background: Each year, approximately 25,000 are affected by stroke in Sweden. As a result of a stroke, the person may also suffer from various types of disabilities, including aphasia. Aphasia means impairment of communication, where the affected person has difficulties in the spoken or written language. There is a lack of knowledge regarding how people with aphasia experience their condition, both at a community level and in the health care system. Aim: The purpose of the study was to describe patients experiences of aphasia after a stroke. Method: A literature-based study based on an analysis of eight scientific articles. Results: Two main themes emerged: Negative experiences and positive experiences. The results show that people with aphasia often suffer from mental illness related to their condition. Submerged mood and depression where the most common experiences of psychological effect, which can adversely affect patient's social life and daily activities. The results also show that the support from the environment can motivate the patient to want to improve their condition and give the patient an increased well-being. Conclusion: Caregivers need an increased understanding and knowledge of experiences regarding patients with aphasia. This can contribute to preventive actions related to mental illness. The support of the environment is important for patient's recovery and the nurse can, with an increased understanding and knowledge contribute to patient's well-being and rehabilitation.

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