Dumpster diving och rättfärdigande. En rättssociologisk studie om dumpstring.
Sammanfattning: Every year 125 000 tons of food is thrown away by Swedish grocery stores. A lot of this food is still eatable and this has caused people to go out at night to take the food for themselves straight from the dumpster. This is called dumpster diving. The purpose of this study has been to examine the discrepancy between the legal norms which proclaim it as illegal and the norms within the dumpster diving-community. It has also studied how the dumpster diving-community justify their actions. This has been achieved by use of surveys to get a clear overview of what the norms are and how they justify their own dumpstering. The collected data has then been analyzed by using “the gap problem” and justification by Luc Boltanski and Laurent Thévenots. The findings were that the people that dumpster dive don’t think dumpstring is an illegal act, instead they justify it by changing the narrative from that they are taking food from the stores to that they are helping to save the planet by decreasing their own contribution towards new production. It is also clear that the most important norms within their own community have to do with the continued existence of dumpstring. This means that they try to keep the areas where they dumpster dive clean and they try to not disturb the workers.
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