Äldre kvinnors och mäns upplevelser av depression – En systematisk litteraturstudie med ett folkhälso- och genusperspektiv

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Göteborgs universitet/Institutionen för medicin

Sammanfattning: Background: The lifespan of the elderly has increased, which entails a larger aged population than before. According to a Swedish study, the probability of falling ill with depression in your lifetime is about 30 percent for women and about 20 percent for men. The research concerning elderly women’s and men’s experiences with depression is limited. That is why it is important to examine the different experiences elderly men and women have with depression.Aim: The purpose of this literature study was to explore the similarities and differences between elderly women’s and men’s experiences of depression, viewed from a gender perspective.Method: A systematic literature search was carried out using the databases PubMed and PsycINFO. The chosen articles were then put through a quality audit based on the templates by SBU, Friberg and GRADE, after which a qualitative content analysis was performed.Results: There are several similarities between the experiences of depression of elderly men and women; however, an important difference between them is often the underlying reason for their thoughts and feelings. The reasons for elderly men’s experiences are, among others, the perceived inability to reach male ideals, while elderly women viewed themselves as responsible for their own unhappiness.Conclusion: This essay has detected some differences and similarities between elderly women’s and men’s experiences of depression, however, since this study is based on articles with qualitative methods which sometimes had small study samples, further research is needed to confirm the transferability of the results. From a public health perspective, future interventions could be designed with consideration to the needs and wants of both the individual and the group.

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