Sjuksköterskans omvårdnadsåtgärder vid behandling av diabetes mellitus typ 2
Sammanfattning: Background Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease affecting many people around the world. Diabetes mellitus is divided into two types; type-1 and type-2. People with Diabetes Mellitus type 2 have a greater risk of complications as they age if they have an unhealthy lifestyle, such as smoking, obesity and malnutrition. Previous research has shown that patients do not always receive clear information about their diagnoses, how they can best manage their conditions, and what lifestyle changes they may need to make. The nurse's objective is to promote or maintain health, prevent ill-health and strengthen well-being. Aim The aim of this study has been to describe the care nurses can provide to patients with diabetes mellitus type 2. Method A descriptive literature study that identified 10 articles through the databases Medline via PubMed. These articles have been analyzed and thematized for this literature study. Results It showed that the nurse has an important role in supporting the patient to follow the treatment program prescribed by other caregivers, eg by a doctor or dietician. The nurse experienced that they promoted health of patients in different ways. The results have been compiled under one main heading, Stimulate for better health and four sub-headings; Motivate for better nutrition, Motivate for increased physical activity, Diabetes education - support and inform and Support for self-care. Conclusion The nursing care that nurses can apply to patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 are to motivate to better diet, motivate to physical activity, stimulate to better health and provide diabetes information. In addition, the nurse should regularly review the information patients receive to ensure it is appropriate. Continuous education and training in counseling for the nurse, would improve the motivational work that is part of the nursing care of diabetes mellitus type-2.
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