Spectroscopic determination of pH in an arterial line from a Heart-lung machine
There is a need for a real-time, non-invasive method to monitor blood pH in a patient line during cardiopulmonary bypass, as today’s methods are both invasive and time consuming. Blood pH is an indicator of physiological and biochemical activity in the body and needs to be kept within a relatively narrow range, typically between 7.35-7.45. A pH value outside this range can be critical for the patient and therefore needs to be carefully monitored throughout the course of cardiopulmonary bypass. In this study the feasibility of using spectroscopic methods for indirect measurement of pH was investigated, and both transmission and reflectance spectroscopy were tested. The results showed that NIR reflectance spectroscopy is a feasible technique for blood pH monitoring during cardiopulmonary bypass. A strong correlation was found between measured pH values and spectral output in the wavelength range 800-930 nm. It was suggested that by means of the statistical partial least square regression method, a model could be created with three regression factors with a cross-validated R2 of 0.906 and a prediction error RMSEP of 0.089 pH units. The results presented here form a foundation for further analysis and experiments with larger sample set and more controlled experimental environment.
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