The effect of high-ratio biochar replacement in concrete on performance properties : Experimental study of biochar addition to concrete mixture.

Detta är en Uppsats för yrkesexamina på avancerad nivå från Luleå tekniska universitet/Byggkonstruktion och brand

Sammanfattning: Globally the emissions of carbon dioxide from anthropogenic activities are an issue regarding the future of our planet. Today the building industry is a large contributor with approximately 10 percent of the total emissions coming from energy usage in the building industry, where about 7 percent of the global CO2 emissions are connected to the cement industry. Since cement is important and today, a non-replaceable material in concrete mixture considering the mechanical properties this is considered as a problem. Concrete is essential to the building and infrastructure industry and therefore it is of great value for society. To be able to lower the impact of concrete manufacturing, different materials are investigated to replace a part of the cement. Today, alternative materials are implemented in the cement compositions to improve the environmental impact. One material commonly used is fly ash, a waste material from coal combusting industries. However, a renewable and carbon emission sinking product could have a great impact on the total emissions from concrete manufacturing. A product that could be suitable for this is biochar, a product from pyrolysis of biomass. Previous studies show properties that could be desirable in concrete manufacturing such as high specific surface area, low bulk density, low thermal conductivity, and sound-absorbing function. Also, there are studies of biochar in cementitious material with promising results. To further investigate the biochar impact on concrete this thesis is conducted. A literature review of previous studies of biochar applications and biochar addition to concrete was conducted. This is to analyse the properties of biochar and the effect of the application on the concrete properties. Also, an experimental study was conducted to further analyse the concrete and compare the findings to previous studies. In this thesis concrete with biochar ratios of 5, 8, and 10 percentages according to the weight of the cement were compared to evaluate the performance properties. This was conducted by a laboratory test where 100 mm cubes were cast and tested for their compressive strength after 28 and 56 days. Other properties which were evaluated were the workability, density, microstructure, and chemical properties. The result showed that the workability was significantly lower for concrete mixtures with biochar addition. Also, the density decreased as the ratio of biochar increased. The same happened to the compressive strength where the comparison species had a compressive strength of 72 MPa after 28 days and the sample with 10 percent had a compressive strength of 52 MPa. However, the sample with 10 percent of biochar had the highest increase of compressive strength after additional 28 days of curing. The FTIR could not show any significant changes between samples with zero biochar addition and the samples with biochar addition

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