Mat! Vad är det för mat? : Gymnasieelevers kostvanor
The aim of this study is to examine similarities and differences in eating habits in students ages 16-19 in high school.
- How do eating habits differ between adolescent athletes and non-athletes?
- What significance does living conditions and religious background have on the eating habits of adolescents?
Method: This study is of a quantitative approach using survey questions.
The method used was questionnaires. Three schools participated in the study. The school provided programs with and without athletic orientation. My purpose was to give out 200 surveys but in the end the total of handed out surveys landed on 141. I compiled a total of 140 surveys. The respondents were high school year one to four (Age 16-19).
There was a tendency of a difference between students who participate in sporting activities and students who don't. The difference was mostly observed in their regularity of eating breakfast, fruits and vegetables. Other factors where a tendency of difference could be seen were gender, living with parents or on their own and participation in religious activities at least once a month.
The different eating habits between categories of students can be explained using the social cognitive theory, that students mimic the behavior of those around them. But it could also be explained by the ethnological theory, that people come from different cultures and thereby have different eating habits, or that there are environmental factors that have great impact on a person’s eating habits.
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