Israel och säkerhet : En analys av Likuds säkerhets- och identitetspolitik från 2009
Sammanfattning: The purpose of this thesis is to examine if and how the Israeli right-wing party Likud and its prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu enforced their political ideas and discourse with focus on security from 2009 until today. Furthermore, it investigates if this has created a new Israeli identity as well as if it has affected the Palestinians possibilities of self-determination. The theory that is used is securitization, developed by Barry Buzan, Ole Wæver and Jaap de Wilde, or the so called Copenhagen School. Through describing, explaining and analyzing the research questions, the thesis shows that Likud since 2009 has a clear focus on the security issue. At the same time, a lot speaks for that the ideological question of national identity has moved towards a Jewish Israeli collective identity. This has in combination with other factors led to continued settlements and talks about annexation in the West Bank, i.e. Judea and Samaria, and in east Jerusalem. Through Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's discourse and the thoughts of many Israelis alike, the control of these areas are important for both security and ideological reasons. The results create an opportunity for discussion on the consequences for the Palestinian self-determination and possibilities for peace. When looking at the two state solution with the borders of 1967, the current situation is clearly a step back. This study further concludes that other obstacles to peace connected to the issue of identity are as important to discuss to understand the complexity of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
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