Psykisk ohälsa hos ungdomar - skolsköterskans arbete : En litteraturstudie

Detta är en Magister-uppsats från Högskolan Väst/Avdelningen för omvårdnad - avancerad nivå

Sammanfattning:

Background: The proportion of young people with mental health problems increases within the school, which places greater demands on school nurses and their ability to meet these pupils. Upbringing, family social position and living conditions are factors that affect the health of individuals. School nurses are included in student health and has an important role in mental health problems, both in terms of early identification and provide support to students as well as the promotion of health. School nurses are often alone in their profession within the individual school, which places high demands on the ability to work independently, make their own decisions and be confident in their area of expertise. Through their accessibility, the school nurse has a central position to identify and capture pupils with mental health problems and early provide of support to foster students' development and learning.

Aim: The aim of this study is to describe the school nurse's work with young people's mental health problems within the school. Method: A systematic literature review. Searches conducted in Cinahl, PsycInfo, PsycArticles and ERIC resulted in six articles for review and analysis underlying the results.

Results: The result presents four themes with related categories that emerged through analysis. These consist of: identification of mental illness, measures in mental health, health promotion of mental health/illness and collaboration around pupils with mental illness. Conclusion: By their position at the school, school nurses constitutes a key figure in identifying mental health problems among pupils through their accessibility, communication skills and the use of screening tools. Prevention and health promotion are important, but the time and the conditions specified for this purpose are lacking.

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