Strategier för att fler barn ska bli vaccinerade; en kvalitativ intervjustudie med sjuksköterskor inom barnhälsovård

Detta är en Magister-uppsats från Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap; Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap

Sammanfattning: Background:Vaccinating children is cost effective and important for public health. In Sweden, the high vaccine coverage is reflected by the public trust in vaccinations. However, vaccine hesitancy is a growing challenge worldwide. According to the WHO, vaccine hesitancy is one of the top ten threats to public health in the world today. Registered nurses have a key role for vaccinations, especially in providing information to parents. Aim:The aim was to examine why some children do not get vaccinated at the child care center and what strategies registered nurses use when responding to parents that are opposed or hesitant towards vaccines. Method: Semi structured interviews was undertaken with 12 registered nurses experienced in discussing vaccine safety with parents. Data was analyzed with inductive content analysis. Results:The analysis resulted in six categories and 11 subcategories. Reasons for doubt or hesitancy to vaccines were that consequences of the diseases were forgotten, parents felt worried about how the vaccine affected the child, and lack of trust. Basic strategies that were used to address parents were based on evidence-based information. It enabled trust in the registered nurse and the vaccine that was offered. Conclusion:InSweden,the normis tovaccinatechildren,somethingthatshouldnotbetakenforgranted. Theregistered nursecanatanearlystageprovideevidence-based informationtoparentsatthe child care centersandtherebyprovideknowledgeofthevaccine's health-promotingbenefits.This canpreventdoubtsabout vaccinations andgetmorechildrenvaccinated.    

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