Livsstil och livskvalitet året efter avslutad hjärtrehabilitering : en enkätstudie

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Mälardalens högskola/Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd


ABSTRACTBackground: To be stricken with a cardiac infarction is among other things linked to different risk factors.  Many studies show that the participants in cardiac rehabilitation programs learn to deal with the risk factors, increase their quality of life and lessen the risk for re-infarction.Objective: To describe the lifestyle and perceived quality of life of the individuals after having participated in cardiac rehabilitation program and to see if they had maintained their results up to a year after having a cardiac infarction.Method: The 19 individuals who had participated in cardiac rehabilitation in 2010 after having had a cardiac infarction were asked to participate in the study. Everyone agreed to participate. The study was made analyzing the surveys, one a locally made, that the individuals had filled out four and eight months after cardiac infarction, and the other the generic Quality of life questionnaire EQ-5D, that the individuals had filled out two and twelve months after cardiac infarction. Result: The individuals have not changed their lifestyle after having participated in cardiac rehabilitation which can be interpreted that they have followed existing recommendations. The mean weight increased with one kilogram, no depression is shown and they stress less. Only two comparisons over time showed any statistic significance: gain of weight and increase in intake of vegetables.  The individuals’ qualities of life changed marginally between baselines and follow up and correspond to results made on healthy individuals measured with EQ-5D. The results show no significant change over time in quality of life. Conclusions: The individuals have more or less maintained their lifestyle between four and eight months and quality of life between two and twelve months after infarction.Key wordslifestyle changes, myocardial infarction, quality of life, rehabilitation, risk factors

  HÄR KAN DU HÄMTA UPPSATSEN I FULLTEXT. (följ länken till nästa sida)