Samtal om sexualitet och sexuell hälsa – barriärer och möjliggörande faktorer : En litteraturstudie med ett intersektionellt perspektiv
Sammanfattning: Background: Sexuality and sexual health are affected by many factors in a person’s life. A persons’ sexual health matters for their health in general. Nurses has an important role in giving a holistic care to patients, but nurses rarely ask about patients’ sexual health. Aim: The aim was to describe barriers and enabling factors for nurses talking to patients about sexuality and sexual health. Method: A literature review of 20 articles was performed. Results: The analysis resulted in barriers and enabling factors that where both of personal and organizational character. The main findings were that barriers to talking about sexuality and sexual health with the patient were feelings of discomfort, taboo, patients’ age, gender, cultural background and sexual orientation and also lack of time, education/knowledge and routines. Enabling factors for the discussion of sexuality were a good patient-nurse-relation, education, talking about sexuality in relation to the illness/treatment or using humor to bring up the topic. Conclusion: More education is needed about how to address sexuality with older people, HBTQ people and people from different cultures and religions.
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