Unga kvinnor och sociala medier – ur ett psykiskt hälsoperspektiv

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Sammanfattning: Background: Mental illness is considered as one of the largest public health problems in Sweden. Statistics shows that 20-40 percent of the population have some kind of mental illness. Mental illness has increased annually among young people, and in particular in young women. Social media has become an integral part of the modern society, however, there is lack of knowledge about its role in relation to the prevailing mental illness. The nurse has a special, and could have an important role in health promotion in order to prevent illness. Aim: To describe how social media can impact on the mental health among young women in the ages 16-25. Method: A literature study based on ten scientific articles, whereof one qualitative article. The data was collected from the databases PubMed, Scopus and PsycINFO. Results: Social media have a strong influence on young women's health. Appearance comparisons, but also comparisons of lifestyle proved to increased the power of social media´s influence. The time spent on social media and those that appeared on the pictures was particularly associated with increased negative body image and appearance comparisons. Facebook and Instagram contributed to young women having a negative body image, depression and anxiety, which often resulted in a risk of developing an eating disorder. High self-esteem had a protective effect of being negatively impacted by social media. Conclusions: Social media has a contributing role to the mental illness among young women. The increased morbidity of mental illness, as well as the association between the use of social media and mental illness, indicates that this is a social problem. Thus, care, in communion with the society, implement appropriate interventions to promote health.

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