Ett ekonomiskt-historiskt perspektiv på psykiatrins tillväxt i början av 1900-talet i Sverige

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Göteborgs universitet / Institutionen för ekonomi och samhälle

Sammanfattning: From around 1800 to the end of the twentieth century, mental healthcare grew fromunorganized, improvised home care and, more rarely, ecclesiastical care to being one of thebasic public services. During this period, the practice of psychiatry professionalized andpsychiatric symptoms were medicalized. A turning point in this development was the expansion of psychiatric care facilities around 1900. Thus, this thesis uses digitized data from annual reports from four hospitals in Sweden during the period 1890–1910 in order to investigate changes in admission patterns. More specifically, whether admission rates differed in men and women, residence in rural or urban areas, rates of discharge to home and if patient labour output could be an incentive for admission. The available reports show a small difference in admission rate between the sexes as well as reduced difference between rural and urban residence, however, the annual proportion that was discharged decreased. Annual output of work was similar in the beginning and at the end of the period. The main conclusionis that administrative register data can be used to study mental hospitals in Sweden at thebeginning of the 1900’s. However, the results have to be interpreted in the historical contextduring which the reports were written.

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