TECKENSPRÅK ELLER TALAT SPRÅK? En litteraturstudie om språkutveckling och val av kommunikationsmedel för barn med cochleaimplantat

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Göteborgs universitet/Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi

Sammanfattning: Aim: The aim of this study was to clarify how the language development in children withcochlear implants is affected by spoken language and different types of signed languageaccording to existing research, and to briefly look into how the CI-teams in Sweden workregarding this matter.Research method: The literature review is based on scientific studies published 2008–2018and found via PubMed, Scopus and Cinahl. A written interview was sent to all the CI-teamsin Sweden, and replies were received from four of them.Results: Some researchers concluded that language development in children with cochlearimplants benefits more from focusing on spoken language, while others believed thatexposure to signs had no negative impact. The replies from the written interview showed thatthe parents were given a large amount of freedom regarding the choice of communicationmode and that for most CI-teams Auditory Verbal Therapy.Conclusion: Today's research shows no clear results about how spoken language anddifferent variants of signed language affect the language development of prelingually deafchildren with cochlear implants. Some studies found that focus on spoken language was morebeneficial for speech development, while others concluded that sign with spoken language didnot have a negative impact. The CI teams in Sweden stay updated on the subject and mostadvocate focusing on spoken language.

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