Hur upplever patienter med självskadebeteende bemötandet inom vården? : "Men jag skär mig inte för att dö, utan för att överleva" (Pålsson, 2004, s.11)
Sammanfattning: Background: Mental illness is growing rapidly today, with a population that is getting worse within a younger age. Parts of mental illness is linked to what we callself-harm, or self-mutilation. This in order to alleviate his/her anxiety as a result of a compulsion or impulse to add injury to one’s body, motivated by a need to master mental health or to regain emotional balance. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to illustrate how patients with self-injury behavior experience the attitudes and treatment in their received care. Method: This study is a qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach of autobiographies written by persons with self-harm. Result: Positive treatment strengthens patient self-esteem, relieves inner suffering and anxiety, and provides a foundation for a trustworthy relationship between caregivers and patients, while negative treatment, stigmatization, preconceptions and ignorance of healthcare professionals contribute to an insecure care experience for this patient group. Conclusion: Nurses working with self-injurypatients should reflect on their treatment, occupational role and responsibility towards the patient, as this group often feels poorly treated in care. Clinical significance: The content of this study addresses the problemsof caring for patients with self-harm, which may help nurses and healthcare staff to contribute to better treatment and better care.
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