Makt och vanmakt : En kvalitativ studie om f.d. kriminellas upplevelser av återintegrering till samhället genom arbetsmarknaden
Sammanfattning: In a society, the idea is that a person who performs criminal acts should receive a second chance of reintegrating into society after a penalty. Legally, the criminal becomes a regular citizen again after a penalty, but is the punishment really served? Nowadays background checks of the jobseekers have become increasingly common and are an aspect that is crucial in employment. Statistics from the police department show that the government left out 740,000 registry extracts during the first 11 months of 2017, which is 10,000 more than the corresponding period in 2016. In ten years, requests have tripled. The purpose of this paper is to gain a deeper understanding of how ex-criminals experience their reintegration into society through the labor market. The data has been collected through qualitative semistructured interviews with seven ex-criminals and has been interpreted on the basis of hermeneutical methodology. The analysis of the material has been done in support of the theories stämplingsteorin by Becker, hänsynsemotionssystem och sociala band of Scheff, as well as stigma of Goffman. The result of the analysis showed that when the ex-criminals take the big step to leave the crime, they are not given a chance to prove that they have changed. The visualization of their criminal background makes constraints and feelings of shame, both in working life and in the ability to build safe and strong social ties.
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