Effekten av omvårdnadsstil på återföreningsbeteende hos hund
Sammanfattning: When studying a child’s ability to form an attachment to a parent it has become clear that the caregiving style shown by the person giving it plays a crutial role. Four standard descriptions of such caregiving styles (secure, disorganized, anxious and avoidant) has made it possible to investigate whether the relationship between child and caregiver could be reflected by their attachment style and caregiving style, since the child’s proximity seeking behaviour to its caregiver varies depending on the caregiver’s ability to dispaly a safe haven for the child. One way to study this safe haven effect is to create different forms of challenging scenarios, as that of separation and reunion. Investigating proximity seeking behaviour towards different persons associated with the four caregiving styles upon reunion has been the angle of this study, but from the owner-dog-perspective. Overall, the dogs intiated more physical contact with the person displaying secure caregiving style compared to the disorganized one, and again more with secure than with avoidant. However, it is speculated whether personality could be a contributing factor, where some individuals prefer a certain caregiving style to match its own personality and previous experience. In this case more fearful dogs initiated less physical contact with the person with an anxious caregiving style while dogs that where more aggressive towards other animals preferred the company of the anxious one. Further studies could therefore make great use of continued application of personality as a contributing factor when it comes to human-dog-interactions.
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