En västerländsk syn på säkerhet : En idéanalys av NATO:s och EU:s säkerhetspolitik från början av 90-talet fram tills idag

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Linnéuniversitetet/Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST)

Sammanfattning: Since the end of the Cold War, NATO has been forced to redefine its purpose in order to survive the end of the Soviet Union while the EU has developed its own defense policy. With the presumption that ideas change as a response to external factors, the aim of this study is to investigate if and how the ideas behind the security policies of NATO and the EU has changed since the beginning of the 90’s. The study uses the methodics of an idea analysis with the help of liberal and realistic ideal types to analyse the Maastricht Treaty, the Amsterdam Treaty, the Lisbon Treaty as well as NATO’s Security Concepts from 1991, 1999 and 2010. The study makes the conclusion that NATO to some extent today has a more realistic view on the world than after the end of the Cold War, at the same time as showing a greater will to promote Euro-Atlantic security and introducing more European democracies into the organisation. The EU has introduced more realistic policies which has developed the organisation towards looking more like a military alliance. Today, NATO and the EU do not only have political connections but they also share many of the same ideas. 

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