Survival Comparison of Open and Endovascular Repair Using Machine Learning

Detta är en Master-uppsats från KTH/Matematik (Avd.)

Sammanfattning: Today there exists two types of preventive surgical treatment procedures for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm. In order to make an informed choice of treatment, the clinician needs to have a clear picture of how the choice will affect the patients chances of survival. In this master thesis, machine learning techniques are used to predict survival probabilities after respective treatment procedure and the performance is compared to the more conventional Kaplan-Meier estimator.  Using Danish patient data, different machine learning models for survival predictions were trained and evaluated by their performance. Administrative Brier Score was used as performance metric as the data was administratively censored. An Ensemble model consisting of one Random Survival Forest and one Neural Multi Task Logistic Regression model was shown to achieve the best performance and significantly outperformed the conventional Kaplan-Meier model. Furthermore, an approach to investigate the predicted effects of choice of treatment was introduced. It showed that on average the Ensemble model predicted the choice of treatment to have less effect on the long term survival than what the corresponding prediction using the Kaplan-Meier estimator suggested. This applies to the full patient group as well as for patients of age between 70 and 79 years. In the latter case this prediction was also shown to be more accurate.

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