Den lilla parken i den stora staden

Detta är en Master-uppsats från Lunds universitet/Miljövetenskaplig utbildning

Sammanfattning: This study aimed to examine how pocket parks should be designed in order to promote visits from the inhabitants in Malmö, as well as which of six design is the best from an ecological perspective. By examining these two aspects the goal was to identify how a pocket park can be designed to work as a multifunctional place in the city. Firstly, a literature study was carried out in order to identify features that can be incorporated in a small park and provide different type of ecosystem services. Second, the different features were categorized into six different park designs that were illustrated in a survey with 274 respondents from five separate parts of Malmö. The survey aimed to answer which of the above six types of park was the most likely to be visited, and utilised, by Malmö’s inhabitants, and also to investigate why the respondents visit parks. The survey also inquired about different socioeconomical factors which were used to identify differences in the preferences for different parks. The results showed that three park types were preferred, a park with water, a park with flowering plants and trees, and a parked with a mixed structure of conifers, deciduous trees, flowering plants and water. From a social perspective, the park with water was considered the best since it had the most consistent high rating in all socioeconomic groups. As opposed to the survey results, from an ecological perspective, the park with a mixed structured was found to be the best since it offers adaption strategies, storm water management, noise reduction and habitats for insects. To create pockets parks with a multifunctional purpose, the park with water and the park with mixed structure were therefore considered the best.

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