En feminisering av folkskolprofessionen? : En inblick i feminiseringsprocessen av folkskolprofessionen i Södertälje stad under 1920-talet.
Sammanfattning: The purpose of the study was to investigate wheter a feminization process is taking place in the Swedish school profession in Södertälje during the 1920s. This is a turbulent period for women in Sweden in terms of their human rights and in connection whit this, a change is taking place in the Swedish “småskolan”, where most of the female teachers work. An integration between the “folkskolan” and the “småskolan” takes place, which results in that the “småskolan” profession disapears. It is Christina Florin and her theories of feminization that underlie the work. It is Florin´s previous research on feminization in the “småskolan” that took place 50 years earlier that helps lay the theory of the essay. The questions from which the survey was based on is: 1. What was the gender distribution in recruitment to “folkskolllärar” positions in Södertälje 1920-1925? 2. What were the backgrounds of those recruited to “folkskollärar” positions in Södertälje during the time period? 3. How does the feminization manifest in “folkskollärar” positions in Södertälje? Is there a clear feminization process? The source material that has been used to answer the questions has come from Södertäje stadsarkiv and Södertälje föreningsarkiv. It is information in the form of protocols and journals written by, among others, skolverket that has been analyzed and presented in a case study from a micro historical perspective. What the study ends up showing is that there is a form of a feminization process within the “folkskola” in Södertälje during the 1920s. A majority of men leave the profession and at the same time as more women come in. The women in this profession receive a higher salary and a higher status thanks to the new professional title they now hold.
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