Kramtjuv, mobilzombie, douche och sekundärkränkt : Frekvensanalys av orden från Nyordslistan
Sammanfattning: The purpose of this essay is to examine which of new words presented in Nyordslistan are established in the language since 2012. Source text for this essay are seven Nyordslista published between 2012 and 2018. The study analyses the frequency of the new words in newspapers and on Twitter using two databases, Mediearkivet and Korp. The new words are divided in following categories: established words, common words, rare words and dead words. The analysis shows that 17 words from the lists are established in the newspapers and 16 are established on Twitter. 12 of those are mutual for both newspapers and Twitter. The rest of the established new words are still established but not in both forums. Common words contain 38 and 22 new words respectively. The biggest category is rare words; more than 50% words from each Nyordslista end up being rare and not established. Dead words is a small category that contains few words from Nyordslista 2012 to 2014 (with one word from 2015). It’s determined in the theory chapter that frequency, distribution and meta signals are of great importance for determine the degree of establishment of the new word. Meta signals are used to introduce the word and its spelling, meaning and conjugation to readers in order to establish familiarity with the word and to ensure that the word is used in the same way by all readers. This is clearly evident in this study that established words frequency the year they are presented in Nyordslista contain below 30% meta discussion about the word while the frequency of common words contains between 30 and 80% meta discussion.
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